Ajuntament de la vila de Planes, Pl. Dalt vila,1 03828 Planes

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HISTORY

The archeologic finds that demonstrate a human presence in Planes de la Baronia are numerous. In first place, it highlights the Cave of Pardo, with rests that stand since the Upper Paleolític until the iberisme plenum. Those of the Cave of the Ravine of the Encantada are from the Epipaleolític, while those of the Peña Roja of Catamarruc can stand already in the Neolithic. To the following period, the Eneolithic Period, the village of the Tros de la Bassa and the rests of the Alturó del Mas del Moro and of Caves of the Vila belongs. Samples of schematic rupestrian art were found in the coat of the Gleda and in the Ravine of the Garrofers, and llevantí in the Ravine of the Penya Blanca and in the already mentioned Caves of the Vila. With the Bronze villages turn up in the zone of the hermitage of Christ and in that of the castle, declared BIC (Lamb of interist cultural), and other materials have been found in the Penya de Margarida.

The last, the iberisme comes off reflected in the already mentioned village of the hermitage of Christ, in the Llombos and in the village placed in the saw of the Xarpolar. Undoubtedly, the proximity of this town to the places where the rebellions of the Saracen carried out Al-Azraq (1208-1276), valí of Alcalà de la Jovada, was determining in the development of its history. It was in year 1245 when the Moors of the valleys of Planes, Gallinera, Alcalà, Cocentaina and Alcoi, seeing themselves, looked for for the hosts of the King of Aragó and without possibility of defense, they gave in to the Conqueror through pact of vassalage, stipulated with the remarkable Saracens of that zone, among them Al-Azraq. In the called pact of the pouet the Moorish sheik reserved himself, the castles of Alcalà i Perpuxent (l’Orxa), for being a family inheritance while they passed all places and castles of La Marina and of the Valley of Gallinera in command of Jaume I.

It will be in 1259, finished with victory the first rebellion of Al-Azraq, when Jaume decides to appropriate the direct command of the Castle of Planes, to be the nearest in the one cured of the Saracen in the Valley of Alcalà. The Christians who, progressively, will be settling in Planes, in an attempt to respect the tolerant character of the king, will be quite permissive with the Moriscos who decide to remain in this lands after the conquest. To have a good deal with the ancient settlers also guaranteed that the fields continued being worked and providing their wealths. Unfortunately, this communal life will have its setbacks, about everything for the successive rebellions captained by Al-Azraq, which will finish on the 23rd April of 1276 in the ravine of the Battle, in the proximity of Alcoi, where he will be killed to.

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